Skip to Navigation

The Myth of Black Progress: New RSF Book Shows How Mass Incarceration Masks Persistent Racial Inequality

For Immediate Release, September 2012 Contact: David Haproff, (212) 750-6037

NEW YORK—The Russell Sage Foundation has published a ground-breaking book by sociologist Becky Pettit that calls into question the prevailing assumptions about black progress in the United States.

Invisible Men: Mass Incarceration and the Myth of Black Progress examines the hidden ways incarceration impacts our perception of African American advancement in mainstream measures of voter turnout, educational attainment, and employment.

Most national population surveys—including the U.S. Census— fail to count prison inmates, who are disproportionately young black males. Pettit’s research shows that these methods have rendered the inmate population invisible. As a result, mass incarceration—and our failure to acknowledge it in our data sets—has effectively overstated black progress in the United States and concealed persistent racial inequality in political engagement, wage growth, educational attainment and other areas.

For example, by excluding incarcerated Americans, the 2008 Current Population Survey:

  • Underestimated racial inequality in the high school dropout rate by 75 percent.
  • Overstated the employment rate of young, black male dropouts as 42 percent, while the employment rate is 26 percent when inmates are included.
  • Overestimated overall black voter turnout by 13 percent and turnout among young, black male dropouts by 64.2 percent.

“By systematically excluding inmates and former inmates from key data, we’ve clouded our understanding of the American political, economic and social condition,” says Pettit. “I hope that by bringing the mass of incarcerated people into public view, the book will give the public, social scientists and policymakers a more complete picture of our contemporary reality—and influence public policy debates accordingly.”

A crucial complement to The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander—which argued that mass incarceration replaced segregation as a system of social control—the book’s findings have implications for the upcoming election and beyond. They call into question what strides African Americans have made in recent decades—and during President Obama’s time in office—and assumptions about black voter engagement. They also raise questions about which types of policies would best address entrenched social and economic problems.

Becky Pettit is professor of sociology at the University of Washington. She is also the co-author of Gendered Tradeoffs (Russell Sage Foundation 2009), which examines how gender and family obligations influence economic inequalities in 21 advanced industrialized countries. Pettit is the Editor of Social Problems, the official journal of the Society of the Study of Social Problems, and a founding member of the Scholars Strategy Network. She holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Princeton University and a B.A. in sociology from University of California at Berkeley.

# # #

The Russell Sage Foundation is the principal American foundation devoted exclusively to research in the social sciences. Located in New York City, it is a research center, a funding source for studies by scholars at other academic and research institutions, and an active member of the nation’s social science community. The Foundation also publishes, under its own imprint, the books that derive from the work of its grantees and Visiting Scholars. It is best known for its support for research programs on low-wage work, social inequality, immigration, and behavioral economics.

For further information on this or any other Russell Sage Foundation publications, or to schedule an interview with the authors, please contact David Haproff at 212-750-6037.

Visit us on the web at:



prix viagra viagra achat en ligne
precio viagra venta viagra online
acquisto viagra costo viagra farmacia
viagra ohne rezept generika viagra

comparison viagra cialis

levitra price check Buy Levitra levitra dosecialis forum cialis pharmacy Buy Priligy generic viagra supplierscheap levitra Levitra levitra vardenafil hydrochlorideclomid tablets Clomid clomid and premarinviagra ireland reviews Viagra viagra ingredients

viagra pussy

viagra vs cialis which is better generic cialis cialis soft tabletsfinasteride viagra Priligy online pharmacy canada viagralow price levitra Buy Levitra Online where can i buy levitracheap propecia online Propecia coq10 and propeciakamagra usa kamagra kent what is kamagra

viagra for sale without prescription

walgreen viagra Buy Priligy discount price on viagraviagra dallas tx Buy Viagra viagra for sex offendersearly af spotting after taking clomid Clomid clomid breast canceraccutane monthly blood tests Buy Accutane vitamin a use like accutanecialis generic tadalafil Buy Cialis maximum dosage of cialis

taking viagra with alcohol

female libido viagra Buy Viagra viagra concernsclomid effects nerves Buy Clomid clomid and metformin success storiesbrand cialis buy online Cialis cialis injury attorney ohioaccutane and side effets Buy Accutane accutane dietcialis and antifungals Buy Cialis comparison viagra and cialis

mixing cialis and viagra

generic line viagra Buy Priligy price comparison viagra cialisantibiotics accutane Accutane accutane and ulcerative colitistaking viagra daily Viagra advantages of viagracialis generic viagra Buy Cialis what is cialis super activebarr labs generic finasteride Buy Propecia finasteride ringing effects

price comparison viagra cialis

viagra with dapoxetine online Buy Priligy viagra ringgeneric cialis cheap canada Buy Cialis cialis generic realobesity and clomid metformin Clomid health website side effects of clomidpropecia for less Buy Propecia propecia epididymisgeneric cialis online safe Cialis does cialis cause high blood pressure

buy viagra soft

clomid day 19 Clomid clomid spain purchasehigh dose vitamin a replacement accutane Accutane accutane contrainindicationsdirt cheap viagra Priligy viagra gnctadalafil or cialis Buy Cialis cialis indian pharmacylow dose cialis daily Cialis cialis 36 hours

viagra vs cialis forum

sex on viagra Viagra is viagra good for youviagra pe Priligy how much viagra to takecan u spot when using clomid Buy Clomid clomid effect on luteal phasemale enhancement cialis Buy Cialis cialis slow to workaccutane waiver Accutane accutane and cheilitis

kamagra viagra uk

cialis and heartburn Buy Cialis better cialis levitra viagra whichaccutane penis bumps Accutane scarring while on accutaneviagra contraindications Viagra cheap cialis viagrafine viagra Buy Priligy medical uses for viagrabuy levitra overnight shipping Buy Levitra generic levitra in the usa

buying viagra online legal

using finasteride and dutasteride Buy Propecia finasteride impotenceva and accutane claims Buy Accutane natural alternative to accutanepicture of cialis Buy Cialis cialis usdangers of cialis Cialis order cialis online cheaplevitra 25 Buy Levitra levitra product

side affects of viagra

buy levitra from india Levitra get levitracialis and nitrates Buy Cialis ebay cialis offertaviagra cialis cheap Viagra viagra equivalent for womenaccutane vinces Accutane oklahoma accutane lawyersuse finasteride Buy Propecia propecia long-term

viagra and smoking

levitra tab 20mg Levitra levitra medicationfemale ingesting viagra Buy Viagra how long does it take for viagra to kick inwhen is propecia off patent Buy Propecia propecia pregnancehow does clomid effect male Clomid clomid testasteronebest price for generic viagra Viagra viagra sales canada

dosage of viagra

monthly breakdown of accutane Accutane buy accutane on line no prescriptionsuccess stories clomid and fertility montior Clomid clomid mid-cycle spotting late ovulationbuy viagra generic canada Viagra order viagra 1what does viagra pill look like Priligy alternative viagrapropecia facts Propecia propecia pregnance

viagra pill for woman

components of accutane Accutane does generic accutane workcialis comparison diflucan viagra Cialis buy daily cialisoysters viagra Buy Viagra how long do the effects of viagra lastviagra antidote Priligy taking viagralevitra low blood pressure Levitra levitra 20mg

Reply to comment | Russell Sage Foundation

You can certainly see your skills in the article you
write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers such as you who aren't afraid
to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.


real viagra online without prescription

buy cialis 10mg Buy Cialis what is cialis made ofpfizer brand name viagra Viagra order discount viagra onlineenzyte drug interactions Buy Levitra levitra with no prescriptionwhen to have sex with clomid Clomid trying to conceive clomidaccutane for acne Buy Accutane accutane for rhinophyma

viagra for diabetics

tamoxifen and propecia Buy Propecia effect of propeciacialis cena Cialis cialis liquid formaccutane ulcerative colitis canada Accutane accutane side effects vaginal drynesslevitra by bayer Buy Levitra how to take levitrayoung men using viagra Buy Priligy how can i get viagra

viagra pregnancy

cialis while on steroids Buy Cialis 36 hour cialisfinasteride steroids Propecia finasteride and minoxidil combinationgeneric viagra prescription Priligy viagra headache side effectschemical makeup of viagra Viagra viagra jingleskincare while taking accutane Buy Accutane accutane use birth defects years later

viagra faqs

cialis female viagra Buy Cialis buy apcalis oral jelly avishow long will viagra last Viagra female viagra sildenafilcheapest levitra online uk Buy Levitra levitra testosteroneclomid success rates over 40 Buy Clomid clomid increase dosage low estrogenviagra causing blindness Buy Priligy viagra 4 cpr 50 mg

viagra and alternatives

pics of scar tattoo from accutane Accutane accutane class action viagra lawyers Viagra deaths from viagra cialis advertisements Cialis how long for cialis to work cheapest generic viagra online Viagra viagra for sale australia buy levitra overnight shipping Levitra levitra brand price