New Book: Origins and Destinations: The Making of the Second Generation
The children of immigrants continue a journey begun by their parents. Born or raised in the U.S., this second generation now includes over 20 million individuals. In their new RSF book Origins and Destinations, immigration scholars Renee Luthra (University of Essex), Thomas Soehl (McGill University), and Roger Waldinger (University of California, Los Angeles) examine the socioeconomic outcomes of second generation immigrants through a new theoretical framework that accounts for both their countries of origin and their destinations in the U.S.
Using surveys of second generation immigrant adults in New York and Los Angeles, the authors assess the contexts of both emigration and immigration to understand the divergent trajectories of the second generation. They show that disparities between immigrant children of different national-origin groups stem partly from the different value orientations of their origin countries. For instance, schooling is higher among immigrant children from more secular societies (South Korea) than among those from more religious ones (the Philippines). At the same time, immigration laws favor some groups over others. When immigrant groups enter the U.S. through a welcoming door, as opposed to one that makes authorized status difficult to achieve, immigrant children achieve higher education and better jobs. In looking at disparities in educational attainment and political participation among immigrant offspring of the same national-origin group, the authors find that factors such as a family’s legal status upon arrival, whether they became naturalized citizens and how long that process took, and the extent to which they maintain ties to their country of origin all affect second-generation trajectories. By disentangling the sources of diversity among the adult children of immigrants, Origins and Destinations provides a new understanding of the growing second generation.
New Computational Social Science Research Priority on Algorithmic Bias/Fairness
RSF has recently revised its request for proposals in the special initiative on Computational Social Science (CSS) with a new priority research topic on algorithmic bias/fairness. Algorithms are increasingly used in decision-making processes such as hiring and promotion, policing strategies, bail and sentencing, credit determinations, and the allocation of social services. Although algorithms are often perceived to be neutral and fair in their processes, some recent studies have found that they may contribute to outcomes that are biased and harmful, especially for disadvantaged populations. RSF is interested in research that not only explores how algorithms operate in practice, but also analyzes the decision-making processes that jurisdictions use when incorporating algorithms into their work. What factors lead jurisdictions to supplement or replace human decision-making with algorithms? What criteria do they use for selecting which algorithms to use and how to evaluate their performance criteria?
Call for Proposals: Nonstandard Employment
The Russell Sage Foundation and the W. K. Kellogg Foundation are accepting proposals for a special initiative on non-standard employment until November 30, 2018 at 2pm ET/11am PT. This initiative, part of RSF’s ongoing program on the Future of Work, investigates the causes and consequences of the rise of alternative work arrangements, including temporary help agency workers, on-call workers, contract workers, and independent contractors or freelancers.
Deadline Reminder: Future of Work; Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration; Behavioral Economics; and Special Initiatives
RSF is accepting letters of inquiry until November 30, 2018 at 2pm ET/11am PT in the Future of Work, Race, Ethnicity and Immigration, and Behavioral Economics programs, as well as the special initiatives on Non-Standard Employment, Immigration and Immigrant Integration, and Computational Social Science (CSS).
RSF Summer Institutes 2019
RSF will offer several summer institutes for doctoral students and early-career scholars in 2019. These intensive, one-to-two-week institutes will include the Summer Institute in Computational Social Science, co-sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; and the Summer Institute in Social Science Genomics and the Summer Institute on Biological Approaches in the Social Sciences, both co-sponsored by the JPB Foundation.
RSF Author Larry Hedges Wins 2018 Yidan Prize for Education Research
RSF author, former trustee, and former visiting scholar Larry Hedges (Northwestern University) has been awarded the 2018 Yidan Prize for Education Research for his groundbreaking development of statistical methods for meta-analysis. The Yidan Prize, established in 2016, is the world’s largest prize in education and recognizes distinguished contributions to education research each year. Hedges is co-editor of the RSF book The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis, the most cited reference in the field of meta-analysis, and a contributor to Meta-Analysis for Explanation and The Future of Meta-Analysis. He was a member of RSF’s board of trustees from 2002-2012, a visiting scholar during the 2013-2014 academic year, and is the recipient of multiple grants from the foundation.
RSF Journal Request for Articles
RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences is accepting article proposals for two upcoming issues. The first, edited by Katharine Donato (Georgetown University) and Catalina Ameudo-Dorantes (San Diego University), will explore the legal landscape of U.S. immigration and address contemporary debates about immigration policy. The deadline for proposals is November 8, 2018. Read more and submit a proposal.
The second issue, edited by Andrea Campbell (MIT) and Lara Shore-Sheppard (Williams College), will examine the social, political, and economic effects of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Given the uncertainty that has surrounded the ACA and its implementation, RSF is interested in research that explores the extent to which uncertainty has shaped the ACA’s effects. The deadline for proposals is December 7, 2018. Read more and submit a proposal.
RSF Authors and Scholars in the News
RSF author Timothy Smeeding (University of Wisconsin-Madison) and grantee Fabian Pfeffer (University of Michigan) both recently spoke to the New York Times about the country’s uneven recovery from the Great Recession. As Smeeding told the Times, while the economy has rebounded from the downturn, these gains have largely failed to reach “people who are working several jobs, taking jobs without benefits, kids who are growing up in poverty.” In another article, Pfeffer discussed the importance of assets in determining a household’s recovery from the recession. “Over and over, you see that family wealth is an important determinant of opportunity for the next generation, over and above income,” he said. “Wealth serves as a private safety net that allows you to behave differently and plan differently.”
Other recent media appearances by RSF authors or grantees include an interview in Pacific Standard and an op-ed in the American Prospect by Scott Frickel (Brown University) and James Elliott (Rice University) on their book Sites Unseen; a New York Times editorial citing research from the RSF-supported Moving to Opportunity study; and an article in the Mercury News on a study by former visiting scholar Sean Reardon (Stanford University) that explores the effects of universal pre-K on the achievement gap.