In 1910, the Charity Organization Department of the Russell Sage Foundation addressed a circular letter to all charity organization societies in the United States, asking them to give particular attention to their methods of treating widows with children and to offer criticism of a first draft of a survey intended to help these societies make their treatment more effective and thorough. The survey was then filled out by twenty of the societies for every widow with children still under their care at the time. This book presents and examines the results.
MARY E. RICHMOND was director of the Charity Organization Department at the Russell Sage Foundation.
FRED S. HALL was associate director of the Charity Organization Department at the Russell Sage Foundation.