Outsized and Overlooked: The Role of PTA Resources in the Widening Achievement Gap

Awarded Scholars:
Brittany Murray, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
James Carter III, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Project Date:
May 2018
Award Amount:

Murray and Carter will examine the role of parent-teacher associations (PTAs) in exacerbating educational inequality. They will pair data from the IRS on PTA expenditures nationwide with data on district-level achievement from SEDA to analyze the extent to which PTA expenditures affect district-wide achievement gaps. They will also study whether racial and class disparities in students’ exposure to PTA resources drives racial achievement gaps.


RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal of original empirical research articles by both established and emerging scholars.


The Russell Sage Foundation offers grants and positions in our Visiting Scholars program for research.


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