Social Inequality Working Papers

 I. Political Participation and Civic Engagement

Partisan Politics and the U.S. Income Distribution
Executive Summary
Larry Bartels, Princeton University

 

Economic Inequality and Political Representation
Executive Summary
Larry Bartels, Princeton University

 

An Analytic Perspective on Participatory Inequality and Income Inequality
Henry Brady, University of California, Berkeley

 

Why Do Rich People Make Political Contributions? Some Surprising Results from a Formal Model
Executive Summary
Henry E. Brady, University of California

 

What Do Unions Do To Voting Turnout?
Executive Summary
Richard B. Freeman, NBER

 

Public Opinion and Democratic Responsiveness: Who Gets What They Want From Government?
Executive Summary
Martin Gilens, Princeton University

 

Do They Know and Do They Care? Americans' Awareness of Rising Inequality
Executive Summary
Leslie McCall, Rutgers University

 

Political Polarization and Income Inequality
Executive Summary
Nolan McCarty, Princeton University, Keith T. Poole, University of Houston, and Howard Rosenthal, Princeton University

 

Voice and Inequality: The Contemporary Transformation of American Civic Democracy
Theda Skocpol, Harvard University

 

Inequality, Trust and Civic Engagement
Executive Summary
Eric M. Uslaner and M. Mitchell Brown, University of Maryland-College Park

 

II. Education

What Does Increased Economic Inequality Imply about the Future Level and Dispersion of Human Capital?
Executive Summary
Robert Haveman, Gary Sandefur, Barbara Wolfe, and Mary Campbell, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

How Did the Increase in Economic Inequality between 1970 and 1990 Affect Children's Educational Attainment?
Executive Summary
Susan E. Mayer, University of Chicago

 

How Economic Segregation Affects Children's Educational Attainment
Executive Summary
Susan E. Mayer, University of Chicago

 

a) Early Childhood

Who Gets an Early Education? Family Income and the Enrollment of 3-5 Year Olds From 1968-2000
Executive Summary
Jay Bainbridge, National Center for Children in Poverty, Marcia Meyers, University of Washington, Sakiko Tanaka and Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University

 

Early Childhood Care and Education: Effects on Ethnic and Racial Gaps in School Readiness
Executive Summary
Katherine Magnuson and Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University

 

Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?
Executive Summary
Katherine Magnuson and Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, Christopher Ruhm, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

 

The Effects of Expanded Public Funding for Early Education and Child Care on Preschool Enrollment in the 1990s
Executive Summary
Katherine Magnuson and Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, and Marcia Meyers, University of Washington

 

Inequality in Pre-School Education and School Readiness
Executive Summary
Katherine Magnuson, Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University, Marcia Meyers, University of Washington, Christopher Ruhm, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

 

b) High School

High School Dropout, Race-Ethnicity, and Social Background from the 1970s to the 1990s
Executive Summary
Robert M. Hauser, Solon J. Simmons, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Devah I. Pager, Princeton University

 

Race-Ethnicity, Social Background, and Grade Retention
Executive Summary
Robert M. Hauser, Solon J. Simmons, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Devah I. Pager, Princeton University

 

Have We Put an End to Social Promotion? Changes in Grade Retention Rates among Children Aged 6 to 17 from 1972 to 2003
Executive Summary
Carl B. Frederick and Robert M. Hauser, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

c) Higher Education

Tied Transfers
Executive Summary
Meta Brown, Maurizio Mazzocco, John Karl Scholz and Ananth Seshadri, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

III. Families and Children

Child Care Policy Reform and the Employment of Single Mothers
Executive Summary
Jay Bainbridge, National Center for Children in Poverty, Marcia Meyers, University of Washington and Jane Waldfogel, Columbia University 

 

Time, Work, and the Family in the United States
Suzanne M. Bianchi and Marybeth J. Mattingly, University of Maryland, College Park

 

Are Parents Investing Less in Children: Trends in Mothers' and Fathers' Time with Children
Suzanne Bianchi and John P. Robinson, University of Maryland, College Park, and Liana Sayer, University of Pennsylvania

 

The Spread of Single-Parent Families in the United States Since 1960
David Ellwood and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University

 

The Changing Effect of Family Background on the Incomes of American Adults
Executive Summary
David J. Harding and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University, Leonard Lopoo, Syracuse University, and Susan E. Mayer, University of Chicago

 

Trends in Children's Attainments and Their Determinants as Family Income Inequality Has Increased
Executive Summary

Robert Haveman, Gary Sandefur, Barabara Wolfe and Andrew Voyer, University of Wisconsin, Madison

 

Family Structure, Intergenerational Mobility, and the Reproduction of Poverty: Evidence for Increasing Polarization?
Robert D. Mare and Kelly Musick, UCLA

 

Caring for Young Children: Inequality in the Cost Burden of Child Care
Executive Summary
Christopher Ruhm and Dan T. Rosenbaum, UNC-Greensboro

 

Family and Neighborhood Sources of Socioeconomic Inequality in Children's Achievement
Executive Summary
Narayan Sastry, RAND and Anne R. Pebley, UCLA

 

Family Ties: Understanding the Intergenerational Transmission of Participation
Executive Summary
Sidney Verba, Harvard University, Kay Lehman Scholzman, Boston College, and Nancy Burns, University of Michigan

 

Unequal at the Starting Line: Creating Participatory Inequalities across Generations and among Groups
Executive Summary
Sidney Verba, Harvard University, Kay Lehman Scholzman, Boston College, and Nancy Burns, University of Michigan

 

IV. Health

The Differential Effect of Foreign-Born Status on Low Birth Weight by Race, Ethnicity, and Education
Executive Summary
Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Mah-J Soobader, and Lisa Berkman, Harvard University

 

Inequality in Life and Death: What Drives Racial Trends in U.S. Child Death Rates? 
Executive Summary

Janet Currie and Joseph Hotz, University of California, Los Angeles

 

Inequality and Mortality in Rich Countries: Who Owns the Null Hypothesis?
Andrew Clarkwest and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University

 

The Income-Health Relationship and the Role of Relative Deprivation
Executive Summary
Christine E. Eibner and William N. Evans, University of Maryland

 

Relative Deprivation, Poor Health Habits, and Mortality
Executive Summary
Christine E. Eibner and William N. Evans, University of Maryland

 

Inequality and Health: Long Run Evidence from a Panel of Countries
Executive Summary
Andrew Leigh, Australian National University and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University

 

Inequality and Social Comparisons
Executive Summary
Susan Mayer, University of Chicago

An Assessment of Some Mechanisms Linking Economic Inequality and Infant Mortality
Executive Summary
Susan Mayer and Ankur Sarin, University of Chicago

 

An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Wealth and Health Using the Survey of Consumer Finances
Executive Summary
John Mullahy, Stephanie A. Robert, Audra T. Wenzlow, Barbara L. Wolfe, University of Wisconsin - Madison

 

Understanding the Racial Disparities in Health: The Income-Wealth Paradox
Executive Summary
John Mullahy, Audra T. Wenzlow, Barbara L. Wolfe, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

Is the Association between Socioeconomic Position and Coronary Heart Disease Stronger in Women than in Men?
Executive Summary
Rebecca C. Thurston, Laura D. Kubzansky, Ichiro Kawachi and Lisa F. Berkman, Harvard School of Public Health

 

V. Marriage

Changing Attitudes Towards Pre-Marital Sex
David J. Harding and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University (Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol 67:211-226)

 

Growing Evidence for a "Divorce Divide"? Education and Marital Dissolution Rates in the U.S. since the 1970's
Executive Summary
Steven P. Martin, University of Maryland - College Park

 

Reassessing Delayed and Forgone Marriage in the United States
Executive Summary
Steven Martin, University of Maryland - College Park

 

The Effects of Marriage, Marital Dissolution, and Educational Upgrading on Educational Assortative Mating
Christine Schwartz and Robert D. Mare, UCLA

 

Trends in Educational Assortative Marriage From 1940 to 2003
Christine Schwartz and Robert D. Mare, UCLA

 

Incarceration, Marriage, and Family Life
Executive Summary
Bruce Western, Princeton University

 

VI. Media

Technological Careers: Adoption, Deepening and Dropping Out in a Panel of Internet Users
Executive Summary
Paul J. DiMaggio and Coral E. Celeste, Princeton University

 

Information Inequality and Network Externalities: A Comparative Study of the Diffusion of Television and the Internet
Executive Summary
Paul DiMaggio and Joseph Cohen, Princeton University

 

VII. Methods and Measurement

Assessing the Effect of Economic Inequality
Executive Summary
William N. Evans, University of Maryland, College Park, Michael Hout, University of California, Berkeley, and Susan Mayer, University of Chicago

 

VIII. Neighborhoods

Neighborhood Choice and Neighborhood Change
Executive Summary
Elizabeth E. Bruch and Robert D. Mare, UCLA

 

Spatial Inequality, Neighborhood Mobility, and Residential Segregation
Executive Summary
Elizabeth E. Bruch and Robert D. Mare, UCLA

 

Different Places, Different People: The Redrawing of America's Social Geography
Executive Summary
Claude S. Fischer and Michael Hout, University of California at Berkeley

 

How the Growth in Income Inequality Increased Economic Segregation
Executive Summary
Susan Mayer, University of Chicago

The Relationship between Income Inequality and Economic Segregation
Executive Summary
Susan Mayer, University of Chicago

 

Concentrated Poverty vs. Concentrated Affluence: Effects on Neighborhood Social Environments and Children's Outcomes
Anne Pebley, UCLA and Narayan Sastry, RAND

 

IX. Public Policy

Homer Gets a Tax Cut: Inequality and Public Policy in the American Mind
Executive Summary
Larry M. Bartels, Princeton University

 

Income Inequality, the Median Voter and the Support for Public Education
Executive Summary
Sean P. Corcoran, California State University, Sacramento, and William N. Evans, University of Maryland and NBER

 

Exploiting States’' Mistakes to Identify the Causal Impact of Higher Education on Growth
Philippe Aghion, Lean Boustan, Caroline Hoxby, Harvard University, and Jerome Vandenbussche, International Monetary Fund

 

Our Favorite Method of Redistribution: School Spending Equality, Income Equality and Growth
Caroline Hoxby, Harvard University

 

Robin Hood and His Not-So-Merry Plan
Caroline Hoxby and Ilyana Kuziemko, Harvard University

 

Does Inequality Matter?
Executive Summary
Christopher Jencks, Harvard University

 

The Consequences of Income Inequality for Redistributive Policy in the United States
Executive Summary
Gabriel S. Lenz, Princeton University

 

The Relationship between Economic Inequality and Government Social Spending in the United States
Executive Summary
Susan E. Mayer, University of Chicago

 

"Fair" Inequality? An International Comparison of Attitudes to Pay Differentials
Executive Summary
Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University and Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University

 

Social Values for Equality and Preferences for State Intervention in the USA and Europe
Executive Summary
Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University and Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University

 

Immigration and the Median Voter's Incentive to Redistribute Income in the United States
Executive Summary
Howard Rosenthal, Brown University and Christine E. Eibner, RAND

 

All for All: Equality and Social Trust
Executive Summary
Bo Rothstein, Göteborg University and Eric M. Uslaner, University of Maryland-College Park

 

Income Distribution and Social Expenditures: A Crossnational Perspective
Jonathan Schwabish, Partnership for New York City, Michael Erikson, Joseph Marchand, Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University and Lars Osberg, Dalhousie University

 

Welfare State Expenditures and the Redistribution of Well-being: Children, Elders and Others in Comparative Perspective
Executive Summary
Timothy Smeeding, Syracuse University, Irwin Garfinkel, Columbia University and Lee Rainwater, Harvard University

 

Economic Inequality and the Quality of Government
Executive Summary
Eric M. Uslaner, University of Maryland-College Park

 

Trust and Social Bonds: Faith in Others and Policy Outcomes Reconsidered
Executive Summary
Eric M. Uslaner, University of Maryland-College Park

 

Incarceration and Invisible Inequality
Executive Summary
Bruce Western, Princeton University

 

Crime, Punishment and American Inequality
Executive Summary
Bruce Western, Meredith Kleykamp and Jake Rosenfeld, Princeton University

 

The Politics and Economics of the Prison Boom
Executive Summary
Bruce Western, Princeton University

 

X. Wealth

The Concept and Measurement of Asset Poverty: Levels, Trends, and Composition for the U.S., 1983-2001
Executive Summary
Robert Haveman, University of Wisconsin, Madison and Edward N. Wolff, New York University

 

Money and Morale: What Growing Inequality is Doing to Americans' Views of Themselves and Others 
Michael Hout, University of California, Berkeley

 

Does Money Buy Happiness in Unhappy Russia?
Executive Summary
Michael Hout and Jane Zavisca, University of California, Berkeley

 

Inequality in Credit Markets: An Introduction to Political Economy Perspectives
Executive Summary
Howard Rosenthal, New York University and Patrick Bolton, Princeton University

 

Wealth Inequality and the Wealth of Cohorts
Executive Summary
John Karl Scholz, University of Wisconsin, Madison

 

Are Americans Saving "Optimally" for Retirement?
Executive Summary
John Karl Scholz, Ananth Seshadri, Surachai Khitatrakun, University of Wisconsin, Madison

 

XI. Work

The Mommy Track Divides: The Impact of Childbearing on Wages of Women of Differing Skill Levels
Executive Summary
David Ellwood, Harvard University, Ty Wilde, Princeton University, Lily Batchelder, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, LLP

 

Work in the Postindustrial Economy of California
Executive Summary
Neil Fligstein and Ofer Sharone, University of California, Berkeley

 

Shareholder Value and the Transformation of the American Economy, 1984-2001
Executive Summary
Neil Fligstein and Taekjin Shin, University of California at Berkeley

 

Will Labor Fare Better Under State Labor Relations Law?
Executive Summary
Richard Freeman, NBER

 

Tightening Up: Intergenerational Class Mobility in Russia, 1988-2000
Executive Summary
Theodore P. Gerber, University of Wisconsin, Madison,  and Michael Hout, University of California, Berkeley

 

Working Hours and Inequality, 1968 - 2001: A Family Perspective on Recent Controversies
Executive Summary
Michael Hout and Caroline Hanley, University of California, Berkeley

 

Would Equal Opportunity Mean More Mobility
Executive Summary
Laura Tach and Christopher Jencks, Harvard University (Forthcoming book, Mobility and Inequality: Frontiers of Research from Sociology and Economics, by Stephen Morgan, David Grusky, and Gary Fields, editors - Stanford University Press)

 

Did Falling Wages and Employment Increase U.S. Imprisonment?
Executive Summary
Bruce Western, Meredith Kleykamp and Jake Rosenfeld, Princeton University

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