Several new research projects in the Russell Sage Foundation’s programs on Social Inequality and the Future of Work—along with new awards in the foundation’s special initiatives on Integrating Biology and Social Science Knowledge, Computational Social Science, and the Affordable Care Act—were funded at the foundation’s June 2017 meeting of the Board of Trustees.
Jacob William Faber (New York University) will conduct a field experiment to study the extent to which multiple forms of discrimination in the online rental housing market—including discrimination against minority families, families with children, and families using housing vouchers—interact and affect low-incomes families’ access to housing.
Future of Work
Marianne Bertrand and Kelly Hallberg (University of Chicago) will conduct a mixed-methods study of the factors associated with employment stability for a large sample of disadvantaged workers in Chicago. They will also evaluate the effectiveness of a non-cognitive training intervention for improving workers’ longer-term labor market outcomes.
Gordon Hanson (University of California, San Diego), Ariel Burstein (University of California, Los Angeles), and Jonathan Vogel (Columbia University) will analyze how labor market adjustment to immigration across tradable occupations (such as textile production) differs from adjustments across non-tradable occupations (such as housekeeping).
Katherine Milkman, Adam Grant, Angela Duckworth, and Cade Massey (University of Pennsylvania) will conduct a field experiment to test whether a new intervention designed to reduce gender bias and other forms of social bias can lead to long-term behavior changes that help reduce workplace inequalities.
Michael Reich and Sylvia Allegretto (University of California, Berkeley) will merge public data and their own datasets to explore how recent significant minimum wage increases in eight states and nine cities have affected rates of employment in those areas.
Integrating Biology and Social Science Knowledge
Benjamin W. Domingue and Jeremy Freese (Stanford University) and Pamela Herd (University of Wisconsin) will analyze newly available genomic data from a sample of older adults, the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, to examine the role of polygenic scores in influencing educational, occupational and economic outcomes. Co-funded with the Ford Foundation.
Erin C. Dunn (Harvard University) will examine the extent to which childhood poverty and other early-life disadvantages can lead to epigenetic changes that are developmentally time-sensitive and later influence individuals’ socioeconomic outcomes. Co-funded with the Ford Foundation.
Kimberly Noble (Columbia University) will study how family stress and children’s home language environments affect brain and cognitive development and analyze the extent to which these early-life experiences affect or perpetuate socioeconomic inequalities. Co-funded with the Ford Foundation.
Computational Social Science
Anikó Hannák, Christo Wilson, and David Lazer (Northeastern University) will study inequality in online labor markets, looking at how site design, site users’ actions, algorithmic systems, and ratings and reviews systems can interact to perpetuate inequalities by race, gender, and other factors in online settings.
Justine Hastings (Brown University) and Eric Chyn (University of Virginia) will use linked administrative data from Rhode Island to evaluate the extent to which mothers use maternity leave, and the extent to which state-sponsored paid maternity leave improves outcomes for mothers and children.
Bruce D. Meyer (University of Chicago) and James X. Sullivan (University of Notre Dame) will create a comprehensive income dataset that combines survey, tax and administrative program data to provide a better measure of income for families and households.
The Social, Economic and Political Effects of the Affordable Care Act
Richard Frank and Thomas McGuire (Harvard University) and Henry Steadman and Lisa Callahan (Policy Research Associates) will study whether the Medicaid expansions under the Affordable Care Act lowers rates of re-arrest and re-incarceration among individuals recently released from prison. Co-funded with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.